A quality handmade clay tiles will lift the appearance of any building structure, whether it be a dwelling house of maybe even a garden pergola built in the traditional manner where handmade clay tiles were extensively used.
In China, handmade clay tiles are in use throughout the country on many ornate and ancient temples and village houses. Imbrex, tegula and mission tiles are the most commonly used handmade clay tiles.
Temples in China were most likely to use glazed and very ornate tiles and antefixes. The most common traditional colour of these handmade clay tiles was orange to yellow.
Older buildings mainly have simple, handmade clay tiles that have been fired in a kiln. Tiled roofs, while once very common in China, are now used far less. One of the reasons for this is that the vast majority of new houses and apartment buildings in China are built with flat roofs.
A Chinese style pergola adorned with quality handmade clay tiles will look spectacular in any garden. The scale can be adapted to fit most garden sizes, so even a relatively modest British garden can take on an oriental appearance with some careful planning.
Although the name Sussex is derived from an Old English term meaning South Saxons and dates from the Saxon period between AD 477 to 1066, the history of human habitation in Sussex goes back to the Old Stone Age.
The oldest hominin remains known in Britain were found at Eartham Pit, Boxgrove. Boxgrove is best known for the Lower Palaeolithic archaeological site discovered in a gravel quarry known as Amey's Eartham Pit located near the village but in Eartham Parish. Parts of the site complex were excavated between 1983 and 1996 by a team from University College London.
Many Acheulean flint tools and remains of animals dating to around 500,000 years ago were found at the site. The area therefore was used by some of the earliest occupants of the British Isles. Remains of Homo heidelbergensis were found on the site in 1994, the only postcranial hominid bone to have been found in Northern Europe. Teeth from another individual were found two years later.
West Sussex has been occupied since those times and has succumbed to various invasions and migrations throughout its long history. Prehistoric monuments include the Devils Jumps, a group of Bronze Age burial mounds, and the Iron Age Cissbury Ring and Chanctonbury Ring hill forts on the South Downs.
The Roman period saw the building of Fishbourne Roman Palace and rural villas such as Bignor Roman Villa together with a network of roads including Stane Street, the Chichester to Silchester Way and the Sussex Greensand Way. The Romans used the Weald for iron production on an industrial scale.
The foundation of the Kingdom of Sussex is recorded by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the year AD 477; it says that Aelle arrived at a place called Cymenshore in three ships with his three sons and killed or put to flight the local inhabitants. The foundation story is regarded as a myth by most historians, although the archaeology suggests that Saxons did start to settle in the West Sussex area in the late 5th century. The Kingdom of Sussex was absorbed into Wessex as an earldom and became the county of Sussex.
With its origins in the kingdom of Sussex, the later county of Sussex was traditionally divided into six units known as rapes. By the 16th century, the three western rapes were grouped together informally, having their own separate Quarter Sessions. These were administered by a separate county council from 1888, the county of Sussex being divided for administrative purposes into the administrative counties of East and West Sussex. In 1974, West Sussex was made a single ceremonial county with the coming into force of the Local Government Act 1972. At the same time a large part of the eastern rape of Lewes was transferred into West Sussex.
Until 1834 provision for the poor and destitute in West Sussex was made at parish level. From 1835 until 1948 eleven Poor Law Unions, each catering for several parishes were formed to carry out the task.
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