Only a short trip into the capital city and you will see some of the finest examples of Georgian architecture.
We supply a vast number of builders with roof tiles from our various ranges, but London builders and roofers always want a ready supply of our Georgian roof tiles because of the number of Georgian buildings in the capital.
International Students House in London is a fine example of Georgian architecture. The first building is at 1-6 Park Crescent. The entrance is actually at 229 Great Portland Street. When the students charity took the building over it was in a pretty bad state of repair and required renovation, including the roof being tiled with Georgian roof tiles to keep the original aesthetic of the building intact. It was opened in May 1965 by the Trusts Patron, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. In 1968, a series of buildings designed by John Nash on York Terrace East also in the South Regents Park neighbourhood were also acquired, rebuilt and re-tiled. They were subsequently named Mary Trevelyan Hall and opened in 1971.
The Circus is an important and historic ring of large townhouses in the city of Bath in Somerset. The Circus is a circle with three entrances. Designed by architect John Wood, the Elder, it was built between 1754 and 1768, and is regarded as a very fine example of Georgian architecture. The name comes from the Latin circus, meaning a ring, oval or circle. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building.
The Circus is divided into three segments of equal length, with a lawn in the centre. Each segment faces one of the three entrances, ensuring a classical facade is always presented straight ahead.
The need for a good supply of Georgian roof tiles is required for many building projects, but when a Georgian terrace property such as those detailed above require roofing, many hundreds of thousands of Georgian roof tiles are required.
As we handmake our Georgian roof tiles here at Heritage Clay Tiles Ltd, we always keep a very healthy stock of these specialist roof tiles. A renovation project on a Georgian terraced property in the city would require so many Georgian roof tiles, so it would not make good business sense to run our stocks of these tiles too low.
By the 14th century, castles were of dwindling military importance, but remained a mark of social prestige, leading to the construction of castles at Starborough near Lingfield by Lord Cobham, and at Betchworth by John Fitzalan, whose father had recently inherited the Earldom of Surrey. Though Reigate and Bletchingley remained modest settlements, the role of their castles as local centres for the two leading aristocratic interests in Surrey had enabled them to gain borough status by the early 13th century. As a result, they gained representation in Parliament when it became established towards the end of that century, alongside the more substantial urban settlements of Guildford and Southwark. Surreys third large town, Kingston, despite its size, borough status and historical association with the monarchy, did not gain parliamentary representation until 1832.
Surrey had little political or economic significance in the Middle Ages. Its agricultural wealth was limited by the infertility of most of its soils, and it was not the main power base of any important aristocratic family, nor the seat of a bishopric. The London suburb of Southwark was a major urban settlement, and the proximity of the capital boosted the wealth and population of the surrounding area, but urban development elsewhere was sapped by the overshadowing predominance of London and by the lack of direct access to the sea. Population pressure in the 12th and 13th centuries initiated the gradual clearing of the Weald, the forest spanning the borders of Surrey, Sussex and Kent, which had been left undeveloped due to the difficulty of farming on its heavy clay soil.
Surrey had a most significant source of prosperity in the later Middle Ages was the production of woollen cloth, which emerged during that period as Englands main export industry. The county was an early centre of English textile manufacturing, benefiting from the presence of deposits of fullers earth, the rare mineral composite important in the process of finishing cloth, around Reigate and Nutfield. The industry in Surrey was focused on Guildford, which gave its name to a variety of cloth, gilforte, which was exported widely across Europe and the Middle East and imitated by manufacturers elsewhere in Europe. However, as the English cloth industry expanded, Surrey was outstripped by other growing regions of production.
Though Surrey was not the scene of serious fighting in the various rebellions and civil wars of the period, armies from Kent heading for London via Southwark passed through what were then the extreme north eastern fringes of Surrey during the Peasants Revolt of 1381 and Cades Rebellion in 1450, and at various stages of the Wars of the Roses in 1460, 1469 and 1471. The upheaval of 1381 also involved widespread local unrest in Surrey, as was the case all across south eastern England, and some recruits from Surrey joined the Kentish rebel army.
In 1082 a Cluniac abbey was founded at Bermondsey by Alwine, a wealthy English citizen of London. Waverley Abbey near Farnham, founded in 1128, was the first Cistercian monastery in England. Over the next quarter of a century monks spread out from here to found new houses, creating a network of twelve monasteries descended from Waverley across southern and central England. The 12th and early 13th centuries also saw the establishment of Augustinian priories at Merton, Newark, Tandridge, Southwark and Reigate. A Dominican friary was established at Guildford by Henry IIIs widow Eleanor of Provence, in memory of her grandson who had died at Guildford in 1274. In the 15th century a Carthusian priory was founded by King Henry V at Sheen. These would all perish, along with the important Benedictine abbey of Chertsey, in the 16th century Dissolution of the Monasteries.
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