Very similar to roof tiling, tiling has been used to provide a protective weather envelope to the sides of timber frame buildings. These are hung on laths nailed to wall timbers, with tiles specially molded to cover corners and jambs.
Often these tiles are shaped at the exposed end to give a decorative effect, or lead flashings are used to achieve a decorative effect. Another form of this is the mathematical tile, which was hung on laths, nailed and then grouted. This form of tiling gives an imitation of brickwork and was developed to give the appearance of brick, but avoided the brick taxes that were introduced in the 18th century.
Tilehanging or vertical tiling is the construction of a building with handmade clay tiles being hung vertically on the sides of the building. It is a popular style used in architecture in Britain.
You will frequently see this method of tiling where homes have bay windows. Often a very similar colour or style of handmade clay tiles is used on the vertical areas beneath the windows as are used on the roof.
Many properties built in the Garden Cities of Letchworth and Welwyn Garden City in the county of Hertfordshire have employed this method of hanging handmade clay tiles to the bay window units.
Beachy Head is a chalk headland on the coast of East Sussex. It is situated close to Eastbourne, immediately east of the Seven Sisters.
Beachy Head is located within the administrative area of Eastbourne Borough Council which owns the land, forming part of the Eastbourne Downland Estate. The cliff is the highest chalk sea cliff in Britain, rising to 531 feet above sea level. The peak allows views of the south east coast towards Dungeness in the east, and to the Isle of Wight in the west. Its height has also made it one of the most common suicide spots in the world.
The name Beachy Head appears as Beauchef in 1274, becoming Beaucheif by 1317, and it actually has nothing to do with the word beach. Instead, it is a corruption of the original French words meaning beautiful headland. It was being consistently called Beachy Head by 1724.
In 1929, Eastbourne bought 4,000 acres of land surrounding Beachy Head to save it from development at a cost of about £100,000, this is equivalent to about £6,124,182 by todays standards. This land became known as the Eastbourne Downland Estate.
The prominence of Beachy Head has made it a landmark for sailors in the English Channel. It is noted as such in the sea shanty Spanish Ladies, when the lyrics state that the sailors sailed by Beachy.
The ashes of German social scientist and philosopher Friedrich Engels, one of the fathers of communism, were scattered off the cliffs at Beachy Head into the Channel, as he had requested.
Human remains discovered in the 1950s were later subjected to forensic reconstruction, carbon dating, and radioisotype analysis, and they were found to be those of a Roman woman of Sub Saharan African origin who grew up in the Eastbourne area in about 200-250 CE. She has become known as Beachy Head Lady.
Estimates of the number of annual deaths at Beachy Head vary from twenty people per year to many more. In 2010, it was the third most common suicide spot in the world, after the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and the Aokigahara Woods in Japan.
The Beachy Head Chaplaincy Team conducts regular day and evening patrols of the area in attempts to locate and stop potential cliff jumpers. Workers at the pub and taxi drivers are also on the lookout for people contemplating suicide and there are signs with the telephone number of the Samaritans urging potential jumpers to call them.
The earliest reports of deaths by suicide at Beachy Head come from the 7th century. Between 1965 and 1979, there were 124 deaths at the location. Of these, 115 of them were almost certainly suicides, although a coroners verdict of suicide was recorded in only fifty eight of the cases, and that sixty one percent of the victims were from outside the East Sussex area.
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